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History SOLs
Grade Eight

World History and Geography to 1500 a.d.

These standards enable students to explore the historical development of people, places, and patterns of life from ancient times until 1500 a.d. in terms of the impact on Western civilization.

The study of history rests on knowledge of dates, names, places, events, and ideas. Historical understanding, however, requires students to engage in historical thinking: to raise questions and marshal evidence in support of their answers. Students engaged in historical thinking draw upon chronological thinking, historical comprehension, historical analysis and interpretation, historical research, and decision making. These skills are developed through the study of significant historical substance from the era or society being studied.

WHI.1         The student will improve skills in historical research and geographical analysis by

Era I: Human Origins and Early Civilizations, Prehistory to 1000 b.c.

WHI.2         The student will demonstrate knowledge of early development of humankind from the Paleolithic Era to the agricultural revolution by

WHI.3         The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient river valley civilizations, including Egypt, Mesopotamia, the Indus River Valley, and China and the civilizations of the Hebrews, Phoenicians, and Kush, by

Era II: Classical Civilizations and Rise of Religious Traditions, 1000 b.c. to 500 a.d.

WHI.4         The student will demonstrate knowledge of the civilizations of Persia, India, and China in terms of chronology, geography, social structures, government, economy, religion, and contributions to later civilizations by

WHI.5         The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Greece in terms of its impact on Western civilization by

WHI.6         The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Rome from about 700 b.c. to 500 a.d. in terms of its impact on Western civilization by

Era III: Postclassical Civilizations, 500 to 1000 a.d.

WHI.7         The student will demonstrate knowledge of the Byzantine Empire and Russia from about 300 to 1000 a.d. by

WHI.8         The student will demonstrate knowledge of Islamic civilization from about 600 to 1000 a.d. by

WHI.9 The student will demonstrate knowledge of Western Europe during the Middle Ages from about 500 to 1000 a.d. in terms of its impact on Western civilization by

Era IV: Regional Interactions, 1000 to 1500 a.d.

WHI.10         The student will demonstrate knowledge of civilizations and empires of the Eastern Hemisphere and their interactions through regional trade patterns by

WHI.11         The student will demonstrate knowledge of major civilizations of the Western Hemisphere, including the Mayan, Aztec, and Incan, by

WHI.12         The student will demonstrate knowledge of social, economic, and political changes and cultural achievements in the late medieval period by

WHI.13         The student will demonstrate knowledge of developments leading to the Renaissance in Europe in terms of its impact on Western civilization by