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SCIENCE SOLs
Grade Six

The sixth-grade standards continue to emphasize data analysis and experimentation. Methods are studied for testing the validity of predictions and conclusions. Scientific methodology, focusing on precision in stating hypotheses and defining dependent and independent variables, is strongly reinforced. The concept of change is explored through the study of transformations of energy and matter. The standards present an integrated focus on the role of the sun’s energy in the Earth’s systems, on water in the environment, on air and atmosphere, and on basic chemistry concepts. A more detailed understanding of the solar system and space exploration becomes a focus of instruction. Natural resource management, its relation to public policy, and cost/benefit tradeoffs in conservation policies are introduced.

The sixth-grade standards continue to focus on student growth in understanding the nature of science. This scientific view defines the idea that explanations of nature are developed and tested using observation, experimentation, models, evidence, and systematic processes. The nature of science includes the concepts that scientific explanations are based on logical thinking; are subject to rules of evidence; are consistent with observational, inferential, and experimental evidence; are open to rational critique; and are subject to refinement and change with the addition of new scientific evidence. The nature of science includes the concept that science can provide explanations about nature, can predict potential consequences of actions, but cannot be used to answer all questions.

Scientific Investigation, Reasoning, and Logic

6.1      The student will plan and conduct investigations in which

Force, Motion, and Energy

6.2      The student will investigate and understand basic sources of energy, their origins, transformations, and uses. Key concepts include

6.3      The student will investigate and understand the role of solar energy in driving most natural processes within the atmosphere, the hydrosphere, and on the Earth’s surface. Key concepts include

Matter

6.4      The student will investigate and understand that all matter is made up of atoms. Key concepts include

6.5      The student will investigate and understand the unique properties and characteristics of water and its roles in the natural and human-made environment. Key concepts include

6.6      The student will investigate and understand the properties of air and the structure and dynamics of the Earth’s atmosphere. Key concepts include

Living Systems

6.7      The student will investigate and understand the natural processes and human interactions that affect watershed systems. Key concepts include

Interrelationships in Earth/Space Systems

6.8      The student will investigate and understand the organization of the solar system and the relationships among the various bodies that comprise it. Key concepts include

Resources

6.9      The student will investigate and understand public policy decisions relating to the environment. Key concepts include