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Science SOLs
Grade Eight

Physical Science

The Physical Science standards continue to build on skills of systematic investigation with a clear focus on variables and repeated trials. Validating conclusions using evidence and data becomes increasingly important at this level. Students will plan and conduct research involving both classroom experimentation and literature reviews from written and electronic resources. Research methods and skills highlight practical problems and questions. Students will share their work, using written reports and other presentations.

The Physical Science standards stress an in-depth understanding of the nature and structure of matter and the characteristics of energy. The standards place considerable emphasis on the technological application of physical science principles. Major areas covered by the standards include the organization and use of the periodic table; physical and chemical changes; nuclear reactions; temperature and heat; sound; light; electricity and magnetism; and work, force, and motion.

The Physical Science standards continue to focus on student growth in understanding the nature of science. This scientific view defines the idea that explanations of nature are developed and tested using observation, experimentation, models, evidence, and systematic processes. The nature of science includes the concepts that scientific explanations are based on logical thinking; are subject to rules of evidence; are consistent with observational, inferential, and experimental evidence; are open to rational critique; and are subject to refinement and change with the addition of new scientific evidence. The nature of science includes the concept that science can provide explanations about nature, can predict potential consequences of actions, but cannot be used to answer all questions.

PS.1            The student will plan and conduct investigations in which

PS.2            The student will investigate and understand the basic nature of matter. Key concepts include

PS.3            The student will investigate and understand the modern and historical models of atomic structure. Key concepts include

PS.4            The student will investigate and understand the organization and use of the periodic table of elements to obtain information. Key concepts include

PS.5            The student will investigate and understand changes in matter and the relationship of these changes to the Law of Conservation of Matter and Energy. Key concepts include

PS.6            The student will investigate and understand states and forms of energy and how energy is transferred and transformed. Key concepts include

PS.7            The student will investigate and understand temperature scales, heat, and heat transfer. Key concepts include

PS.8            The student will investigate and understand characteristics of sound and technological applications of sound waves. Key concepts include

PS.9            The student will investigate and understand the nature and technological applications of light. Key concepts include

PS.10            The student will investigate and understand scientific principles and technological applications of work, force, and motion. Key concepts include

PS.11            The student will investigate and understand basic principles of electricity and magnetism. Key concepts include